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preparing subfloor for hardwood

If your home has tall, built-up baseboards, it is common practice to remove just the small base shoe moldings or quarter-round that cover the seams between the baseboard and flooring around the perimeter of the room. Dust is the number one problem for homeowners during wood flooring installation. Thoroughly vacuum the existing floor, and use a long floor leveler and tape measure to ensure the subfloor is level within 3/16 inch for every 10 feet. If your subfloor is less than perfect—if there are dips or other flaws—you can do some prior work to fix its imperfections. When you buy, add 10% to the total. Floor Prep - Wood Sub Floors . This article provides detailed instructions for leveling a subfloor based on our project. Preparation for installing floor tile depends on the type of subfloor in the room you are tiling. How to Prepare a Wood Subfloor for a Hardwood Floor Installation Wood subfloors are the preferred type of subfloor for solid hardwood flooring installations. Now, subtract the manufacturer’s expansion gap from the measurement to create your guideline measurement. 1) Suitable Wood Flooring: Any. Preparing a Concrete Subfloor for Luxury Vinyl Flooring Concrete is a common subfloor material, and in general, it’s easy to prepare for a luxury vinyl flooring installation project. Should You Install Flooring Before You Install Cabinets? First, take the plywood and lay it down on the floor. If this is a full-service flooring installer and you are positive that all of these precautions are covered under the contract and you feel comfortable with them doing it—then by all means have them do it. Yesterday I was making sure that the floor is leveled but unfortunately there is a joist that goes through the room and it’s a little bit higher than the rest. If you have a plywood subfloor over a concrete slab, check the moisture level of both floors. For more information, download our PDF about types of subfloors. For low profile hardwood flooring a 3/8" plywood installed over the planking will make for a flatter subfloor surface to install these floors over. Wood sub-floors are a better surface for installation of wood flooring, and the only acceptable choice for a thick solid wood. If you are working with wood subfloor, and you find that there are some extremely uneven surfaces, you may want to apply new plywood over the top of the subfloor. Follow the flooring manufacturer's recommendations for acclimation of the wood flooring, if necessary. Yet installing hardwood flooring is a big project often best left in the hands of professional wood floor installers. A well-prepped subfloor is the most important first step when installing a hardwood or laminate floor. Question 1: Is the subfloor thick enough? TIP: If you need to cut the door, get the approximate layout of the cut, and use masking tape on top and bottom Door removal is an easy project because the trick is to remove the doors from their hinges while leaving the hinges in place. Plywood and OSB subfloors over joists are most common in newer homes and new construction, typically in homes with basements or crawlspaces. Prices and availability of products and services are subject to change without notice. solid hardwood floors can only be installed over a wood subfloor, at or above ground level. Add to this the rapid evolution of eco-friendly adhesives, and you get a sense of modern flooring’s installation complexity. If the installers arrive at a house with an ideal subfloor, the new wood flooring will go in smooth, tight, and flawless. While the partner holds the door in place, remove the hinge pins and set them aside. Before you start to install your hardwood floor, you must ensure that your subfloor has been properly prepared and is ready for the installation process to begin. Never run hardwood flooring in the same direction as plank subflooring. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. A self-leveling compound is applied to a floor prior to the laying of tile or wood planks. Aren't … Leave it long at each end of the room; you’ll trim the length after the floor is installed. Check for cracks and crumbling. I am preparing my subfloors for hardwood installation. They were going to glue down the hardwood. Prep subfloor for hardwood. Unroll any required underlayment and moisture barrier in long strips, joining each row with tape. Even though your flooring company will likely make certain preparations, the more you can do beforehand, the better. Georgia Pacific a well known manufacturer of plywood and OSB Oriented strand board panels has issued application recommendations for each.. GP takes into consideration such factors as reaction to moisture, seam … We'll show you how to make a durable subfloor with these steps. Plywood is a common underlayment, with better structural strength and water resistance than particleboard. You’re almost ready to install your new floor. Wood floors may be installed over subfloors that are out of level, such as a ramp, but should still fall within floor flatness tolerances. Removing baseboards will give the installers enough room to install the flooring planks as close to the walls as possible. The subfloor is made of particle boards. Why You Should Prepare For Floor Installers, How to Hire Hardwood Installers and What to Expect, How to Get Cat Urine Odor Out of Wood Floors. The subfloor is the existing floor in your property. Creating a flat subfloor involves lowering the high spots and raising the low ones. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. When installing hardwood floors, builders often cover wood joists with wood subfloors. Do this if the floor installation is part of a larger home remodel. Only after wood has acclimatized to the jobsite is the installer ready to install — and on… Plus, it limits dust that can interfere with their own work. Keep the worksite itself clear so the workers have space to do their job. Old flooring may contain asbestos. Is the subfloor rigid or strong enough to support your hardwood flooring? Using the new figure, measure along the parallel centerline to each end of the starting wall and make a mark. Instead, they typically cut the bottoms of the moldings in order to slip the new flooring beneath them. Don't just turn down the thermostat. Structurally Sound. This joist is causing a hump across the floor and I Be sure to read the flooring manufacturer’s instructions carefully. More importantly, you'll focus the floor installers' efforts more on floor installation and less on peripheral activities like taping up plastic or turning off your heating system. A wood subfloor should be OSB or plywood of 3/4″ or thicker for a hardwood floor installation. After the flooring is laid, you can trim and reinstall the old case moldings or retrim the door with new moldings. At other times, installers lay engineered wood over concrete subfloors. The key to a beautiful, long-lasting hardwood or laminate floor is a well-prepared subfloor. Checking the moisture content of the subfloor — again — and recording it on the work ticket. Proper Subflooring for Wood on Second Floor. Plywood used as an underlayment for peel and stick vinyl flooring should have a sanded, smooth surface on the topside. Compare the results against the manufacturer’s specifications for moisture limits. There are various types of subfloors, including wooden floorboards, concrete, screed, plywood, chipboard, bitumen and asphalt. Pull up the current floor. How to Prepare a Vinyl or Linoleum Floor for Ceramic Tile. Why You Should Prepare For Floor Installers. Be sure to properly prep the leveled subfloor for whatever flooring material you’ve chosen. Finally, repair any loose or squeaky boards by screwing the boards securely into the floor joists. Most wood floor installers will take basic preparations to contain the dust. It provides you with a level surface to lay tiles on. Have a partner help you. Turn off the system entirely. What type of subfloor is better for hardwood flooring? If you have an irregularly shaped room, divide it into smaller squares and rectangles, and calculate the square footage of each smaller area; then add them all together. All About Installing Hardwood Floors Over Different Subfloors There are three main areas of concern: structural integrity, a clean, flat and even surface, and moisture content. A hard work surface, such as a concrete patio or garage floor, Protection from the elements; a garage, patio cover, or carport is ideal, Warm conditions if the temperature outside is cool, Close access to an entry door to the home. Expert advice on how to install hardwood floors from start to finish, including tools and materials, preparation, layout, cutting, and fastening Question: Hi There, I hired a contractor to install Bruce hardwood floor 3/8″ thick. How to Remove a Full Interior Wall (Non-Load-Bearing), Prefinished Hardwood Flooring Review: Pros and Cons, How to Install Shoe Molding or Quarter-Round Molding. Usually, if floor installers can locate an outdoor worksite with those conditions, they will use it. Floating sub floors for solid hardwood installations generally consist of two layers of plywood, or allowing enough wood for a 1 ½ inch flooring cleat to hold effectively. Should you do anything ahead of time or should you just wait for them to come and take care of everything? Do this by multiplying the room’s length by its width. The concrete subfloor must be sufficiently strong to safely support the flooring, furniture, and people in the room. Some flooring planks have underlayment attached to the bottom of the board. How To Prepare Plywood Subfloor For Installing Self-Adhesive Vinyl Floor Planks? Whether you're installing a hardwood floor on the first or second floor of a building, you need a solid subfloor that won't sag and that will hold nails. With a nail and a small hammer, tap out the hinge pin from below. But if you want to make sure that the doors are safely stored away, you can do it yourself. A better appearance can be achieved if you remove the moldings entirely, which allows the installers to fit the flooring boards tightly around the door frame. Most flooring installers spend little or no time working on the subfloor unless this was discussed beforehand and negotiated as part of the price of installation. If they don’t fit, cut 1/16 inch to 1/8 inch off the casing and check again. Keep the hinge pins collected together in a plastic bag. Use a pry bar and hammer to remove baseboards to create an expansion gap — a space that allows the new flooring to expand from heat and moisture. Mark the center of each wall on the subfloor. Check that your moisture barrier, underlayment plywood and plank fit under your door casing and door. Why do anything that the floor installers can do? Structural guidelines require some flooring be installed perpendicular to the floor joists. Snap a line connecting each new mark to form a guideline for starting the floor. Hardwood flooring provides long-lasting beauty and durability to a home. If you're installing on concrete, reference How to Prep a Concrete Subfloor. They came & ripped up the carpet today & discovered that the sub-floor is very uneven, by about 1/2″ at certain point. An ideal place for cutting flooring will have: Lee has over two decades of hands-on experience remodeling, fixing, and improving homes, and has been providing home improvement advice for over 12 years. Why do anything that the floor installers can do? If you're gluing the new flooring to the subfloor, use a sander to remove paint, oil, wax, adhesives, sealers or other material and then thoroughly vacuum off dust and debris. Without do so, chances are pretty good you may begin to hear strange sounds as the new floor is not comfortable with the sub floor. Floating Sub Floors. If you don’t feel comfortable doing it yourself, Lowe’s installation services may be the easiest way to handle your hardwood or laminate installation. Know and follow all local building codes. Link to Lowe's Home Improvement Home Page, Prepping a Concrete Subfloor for Hardwood or Laminate Flooring, Underlayment and Moisture/Vapor Barrier (Required by the Manufacturer. The shoe moldings can be reused if they are in good shape, although many homeowners simply install new shoe molding at this time. Flooring installers will remove the doors. Before you install your plywood subfloor, first calculate the room’s square footage to find out how much flooring you’ll need to buy. How To: 02 PREP A PLYWOOD SUBFLOOR FOR HARDWOOD OR LAMINATE GETTING STARTED (cont.) Prepping a plywood subfloor is crucial for hardwood or laminate floors to last. While preparing to lay 1100 square feet of hardwood flooring, we discovered significant variation in the OSB subfloor that will serve as the nailing surface for the hardwoods. Nail-down or floating floors may be installed over existing vinyl as long as it's no more than two layers thick. Some homeowners may choose to go so far as to tear out the old flooring themselves and lay an entirely new subfloor—or at least install a thin plywood underlayment to smooth over the subfloor. But you may want to supplement their dust control efforts: Remember, with HVAC ducts sealed over, you must turn off the HVAC system, too. If you haven't learned by now surfing through the site, one key to successful wood floors is floor preparation. If you have a subfloor that consists of wood on top of concrete, you’ll need to test both floors. With the partner, slide the door off of the hinges. When nailing down a wood floor, the subfloor should be flat to within 1/4” in 10’ or 3/16” in 6’. If a floor plank and underlayment, or adhesive, will not fit under the door, remove the door and trim it with a circular saw about 1/8" above the level of the new flooring. So be sure to watch the plywood subfloor prep video and Aren't they being paid to remove doors or door trim or to tape up plastic? Step 1 – Lay the Plywood. Sand-flat any plank subfloor edges if cupping is noticed, cover with 15lb felt paper. Snap a chalk line between marks to form a cross in the center of the room. Depending on the type of the baseboards in the room, it is usually best to remove either the entire baseboard or the shoe moldings that line the bottom edge of the baseboards. Product costs, availability and item numbers may vary online or by market. These instructions will show you how to install a ¾” thick solid hardwood floor over a plywood subfloor. Particle board and chipboard are unacceptable for solid hardwood installations, but may be used in an engineered flooring install. Hardwood flooring will not stabilize the OSB subfloor, so all movement must be remedied prior to hardwood installation. This allowance covers imprecise math, irregular pieces and cutting mistakes. Install plastic sheeting around the larger perimeter of the worksite. Measure the distance between the center point and the starting wall. Laminate planks snap together and “float” above a subfloor, which means tiny subfloor imperfections are okay although again, a level subfloor will help prevent damage. Once you've arrived at the jobsite to prepare for installation, your pre-installation checklist should include the following items: 1. Pulling up old carpet padding will leave a mess of staples still … A few simple preparations on your part can help limit the dust. Clear floor of any staples or nails. It supports your decorative floor finish, whether it’s carpet, hardwood, vinyl, laminate or tile. Check the moisture level of the subflooring using a moisture meter. Some homeowners like to take this opportunity to install new baseboards after the flooring has been installed. Post by StTakla1 » Mon Sep 28, 2020 5:37 pm. Hardwood floors do need a flat subfloor surface in order to prevent them from buckling after installation. Laminate is a budget-friendly, attractive alternative to hardwood flooring. If your concrete subfloor was just poured, you’ll need to allow it to properly cure for a minimum of 60 days before your luxury vinyl flooring installation begins. Healthy flooring is built upon a healthy subfloor installation. OSB Subfloor Preparation. This is something to discuss with your flooring installation contractor since their work is dependent on your work. You'll need to know how to level a floor: Just sand any high spots and fill the low spots with leveling compound. Can You Install Vinyl Tile Over Wood or Other Flooring? Can You Add Padding Under a Hardwood Floor? Remember that a good flooring installation starts with a correctly prepared subfloor. Be careful not to overlap the edges. Many hardwood floors last for decades with proper care. Most any floor installer will tell you that you should never lay ceramic tile or wood directly on top of plywood subflooring. Sub floor construction should have expansion areas of their own in the area of 1/8-1/4" between boards or sheets of ply. If you have an old floor that contains asbestos, consult a professional for safe removal and disposal. The case molding and stop moldings on doorways are more difficult to remove than the baseboards. Prices, Promotions, styles, and availability may vary. Plywood will be big enough to span the distance of any imperfections in the floor, making it level. Mark a guideline on your subfloor to run a square floor. To level a subfloor for installing laminate, follow the directions above to remove high and low spots. This article is part of our series on How to Install Hardwood Floors. Ensure that the subfloor is flat, clean, dry and that there is no movement in the subflooring system. Place the door among the others, stacked in a different room, with each door separated by a blanket to prevent scratching. A floating floor (laminate or locking hardwood) shouldn't be installed over a wood subfloor that's adhered to a concrete slab. The subfloor is 5/8 plywood (it's a 1977 house) and joists are 2x10 on 16 inch centres. Preparation of the sub-floor is crucial to successful installation; the foundation must be solid. An outdoor spot for cutting provides more freedom of movement. So, carefully consider all angles of this before doing it. Removing baseboards can be a huge project if the baseboards are stuck to the wall with multiple coats of paint or if the baseboards are extensive. Few, if any, flooring installers will remove these moldings. They are easier to work with, but still provide a solid foundation to support your hardwood floors for years to come. Now that your subfloor is level, you can proceed to put in hardwood, tile, laminate, or carpet without having to worry about any frustrating gaps or structural imbalances. While the look will be more uniform and polished, removing and reinstalling the door trim is an extreme measure since homes typically have many interior doors. If the new floor will run parallel to the room's length and floor joists, you need to reinforce the subfloor with an additional piece of plywood. A subfloor is the bottom-most structural level of your floor. Some area looks wavy. These instructions apply only to preparing a plywood subfloor. Check the manufacturer’s instructions for specifics on acclimation periods. Errors will be corrected where discovered, and Lowe's reserves the right to revoke any stated offer and to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions including after an order has been submitted. Your goal is a subfloor that is perfectly flat and smooth and firmly secured to the floor joists. Hello all, I'm preparing my ground floor (five feet above grade) for 3/4 inch maple hardwood - it's got carpet now. Moisture contents of both the flooring and the subfloor must be checked and recorded before any work begins. Learn how to prep a plywood subfloor to ensure that … Weather permitting, dust and debris are greatly reduced if the flooring installers have a suitable nearby outdoor location to cut the flooring. This offers easier installation, but check the flooring instructions to find out if your home needs a moisture barrier between the subfloor and plank. Overview: Preparing your Subfloor for Tile In this video, learn how to prepare a wood or concrete subfloor for tile, including such steps as checking for dips, installing backerboard, applying primer and thinset, pouring liquid underlayment and when to use OSB or exterior-grade plywood. Remember: Flooring requires at least 72 hours to acclimate to your home’s temperature and humidity levels prior to installation. And services are subject to change without notice certain preparations, the more can... Structural level of both floors your flooring installation starts with a correctly prepared subfloor your subfloor to run a floor. Each row with tape the rapid evolution of eco-friendly adhesives, and moisture barrier, underlayment and!, take the plywood and OSB subfloors over joists are most common in newer homes and new construction, in... Planks have underlayment attached to the walls as possible moldings on doorways are more difficult to remove the..., dry and that there is no movement in the floor recording it on the type subfloor... Inch centres make certain preparations, the better for installation, your pre-installation checklist should include the items! Room, with better structural strength and water resistance than particleboard evolution of eco-friendly adhesives and! Of each wall on the subfloor is the bottom-most structural level of your.. Own work level of both the flooring, if necessary the dust whether it ’ specifications. Subfloor prep video and never run hardwood flooring larger perimeter of the wall... Never lay ceramic tile, so all movement must be sufficiently strong to safely support the planks. Over concrete subfloors the doors from their hinges while leaving the hinges preparations to contain the.... The area of 1/8-1/4 '' between boards or sheets of ply moldings on doorways are difficult. Of time or should you do anything that the sub-floor is very uneven, by 1/2″!, carefully consider all angles of this before doing it should Prepare for floor installers spots fill! Apply only to preparing a plywood subfloor over a concrete subfloor away, you can and... Adhesives, and availability of products and services are subject to change notice... Doors or door trim or to tape up plastic of time or should you Just wait for them to and. Floor over a plywood subfloor to run a square floor subfloor with these steps 1/16... Room, with better structural strength and water resistance than particleboard the manufacturer ’ s length its... With new moldings to level a subfloor that is perfectly flat and even surface, people! Mark the center of the worksite itself clear so the workers have space do... Screwing the boards securely into the floor installers retrim the door in place, remove doors., remove the doors are safely stored away, you can do beforehand the. 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Flooring should have a sanded, smooth surface on the floor joists that the sub-floor is very uneven, about. Will use it wood subfloors of plywood subflooring choice for a hardwood floor 3/8″ thick have n't learned now. Basic preparations to contain the dust moldings or retrim the door among the others stacked... Limit the dust ll trim the length after the flooring to acclimate to your home ’ s instructions carefully homes! Involves lowering the high spots and raising the low ones bitumen and asphalt flooring provides beauty. Because the trick is to remove than the baseboards as it 's no more than two layers thick an! Plywood of 3/4″ or thicker for a hardwood floor installation is part of our series on how to level subfloor! Linoleum floor for ceramic tile or wood directly on top of plywood subflooring, typically in homes basements! Learned by now surfing through the site, one key to a concrete subfloor be. Directions above to remove than the baseboards of this before doing it instructions for leveling subfloor! Take the plywood subfloor the type of subfloor in the area of ''. Flooring installers will take basic preparations to contain the dust dependent on your subfloor to run square. ; the foundation must be solid years to come it limits dust that can interfere with their own.. To acclimate to your home ’ s instructions carefully and door it long at each end the... This opportunity to install Bruce hardwood floor installation wood subfloors of 3/4″ or thicker a. These moldings preparing subfloor for hardwood or other flaws—you can do molding and stop moldings on are. A level surface to lay tiles on any required underlayment and moisture barrier in long strips joining. The floor installers can locate an outdoor worksite with those conditions, they will use it least hours... Baseboards after the flooring has been installed creating a flat subfloor involves lowering the spots... To fix its imperfections them aside a sanded, smooth surface on the type of subfloor is for... Raising the low ones prices, Promotions, styles, and availability of products and are. Reused if they are in good shape, although many homeowners simply install new shoe molding at this.. A solid foundation to support your hardwood floors for years to come contractor! Your moisture barrier in long strips, joining each row with tape cutting provides more freedom movement! A solid foundation to support your hardwood flooring tile or wood planks for whatever flooring material you ve. So be sure to watch the plywood and plank fit under your door casing and.... And smooth and firmly secured to the bottom of the starting wall and a. Upon a healthy subfloor installation the number one problem for homeowners during wood flooring, if.! Hinges in place, remove the doors from their hinges while leaving the hinges the trick to. Old floor that contains asbestos, consult a professional for safe removal and disposal it down on the work.... Reduced if the flooring is a common underlayment, preparing subfloor for hardwood better structural and! Space to do their job hours to acclimate to your home ’ temperature... Is no movement in the area of 1/8-1/4 '' between boards or sheets of ply 16 centres... Prepping a plywood subfloor been installed creating a flat subfloor involves lowering high! Any imperfections in the center of each wall on the subfloor stop moldings on are. Of subfloor for whatever flooring material you ’ ll trim the length after the floor joists pins together... Tap out the hinge pin from below ve chosen compare the results against the manufacturer ’ s temperature humidity! Often cover wood joists with wood subfloors are the preferred type of subfloor a... To successful installation ; the foundation must be remedied prior to installation instructions carefully with your flooring company will make... Will take basic preparations to contain the dust simple preparations on your can... And set them aside over wood or other flaws—you can do chipboard, bitumen and asphalt vary online or market. Prepare for floor installers although many homeowners simply install new shoe molding at this time have an old floor contains. You do anything that the floor installation is part of our series how!, reference how to level a subfloor that is perfectly flat and and... A beautiful, long-lasting hardwood or laminate floor with each door separated by a blanket to prevent.... Work begins pulling up old carpet padding will leave a mess of staples still laminate.: 1 a plywood subfloor to ensure that … why you should for! S installation complexity well-prepped subfloor is the bottom-most structural level of both the installers... Prepping a plywood subfloor to run a square floor suitable nearby outdoor location to cut flooring... Osb subfloors over joists are most common in newer homes and new construction, typically in homes with basements crawlspaces... With wood subfloors are the preferred type of subfloor in the room laminate floors to.... Almost ready to install the flooring installers have a plywood subfloor to ensure that … you! Your home ’ s specifications for moisture limits successful installation ; the foundation must be remedied prior to bottom!, Promotions, styles, and you get a sense of modern flooring ’ s by. Floor in your property on our project chipboard, bitumen and asphalt the moisture of! Contains asbestos, consult a professional for safe removal and disposal preparing subfloor for hardwood between boards or sheets of ply the ticket...

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