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tapu meaning māori

Māori heritage can be divided into the physical/tangible, natural and intangible. This could also work against the need to keep the intellectual property confidential until it has been protected. Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777. Noa is the opposite of tapu, and includes the concept of ‘common’. Objective: The aim of this article is to give an overview of Māori concepts informing a collaboration between a Māori healer (NiaNia) and psychiatrist (Bush). Things or places which are tapu must be left alone, and may not be approached or interfered with. Tauranga waka Landing place of waka. Burial grounds and places of death were always tapu, and these areas were often surrounded by a protective fence. However, a poisoned waterway could also be considered tapu, but not sacred. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in Maori. It is also said to represent life’s eternal paths. For example, an urupā (graveyard) might be considered sacred, as may be a Whare Karakia (Church); both could certainly be described as tapu. Large pieces, like canoes (waka) and meeting houses (wharenui), and small pieces, like weapons, vessels, tools, jewellery and clothing, all communicate a story and have meaning and significance. Tapu and noa remain part of Māori culture today, although persons today are not subject to the same tapu as that of previous times. It is also said to be a good luck charm for those journeying over water. Special consideration and respect Hei tiki is culturally significant and deserves special consideration and respect. It is New Zealand’s earliest heritage. A person, object, or place could be made sacred by tapu for a certain time. More meanings for taputapu. Noa also has the concept of a blessing in that it can lift the rules and restrictions of tapu. Tapu refers to things that affect us that are beyond our understanding or our power to control. For Māori, health is not just physical, it is connected to many other concepts. For example, the word ‘kuia’ could be translated as ‘grandmother’. In this light, it would be offensive for kuia (tapu) to be associated with things like food and alcohol (noa) in a trade mark. In Māoridom, kuia is a name is used to show great respect — recognising a person’s achievements, wisdom and contribution. When using or commissioning Māori artwork or designs, consider using an artist or designer who is familiar with traditional Māori culture and tikanga. In a teaching and learning context, it is common for Māori to share food as a means of welcoming people, celebrating success, or building rapport. The Māori language is pretty integral to what we do here at Tamaki Māori Village – this is the way our people spoke before the arrival of Europeans in New Zealand. The country is going through a real revival of Te Reo these days. Tena koe! A new house today, for example, may have a noa ceremony to remove the tapu, in order to make the home safe before the family moves in. Māori feel an obligation to act as kaitiaki (guardian, custodian) of mauri. Having an understanding of Māori culture will help you navigate New Zealand’s intellectual property laws and processes, and could save you time and money. Also, intellectual property rights are owned by individuals or an identifiable commercial entity, whereas traditional knowledge belongs to a collective group, and may have developed over centuries. There are many cases where it would not be appropriate to copy or use a Māori cultural element, especially a traditional one. Tapu can be interpreted as “sacred” but also “not ordinary”, “special” or even forbidden. • Tapu - forbidden, restricted, consequential • Noa - ordinary, free from restriction, free from tapu. The ‘footprint’ of iwi and hapū life and culture since the first arrivals in Aotearoa some 800 years ago, it is substantial and touches all parts of our country. Māori culture. Products and services should not appear to make inappropriate assumptions about Māori. Menstruating women were kept away from common areas because of their tapu state – contact with materials essential to society was seen as insulting the atua (gods). These historical examples of inappropriate inference would not be acceptable today for many reasons, including the combining of noa and tapu: Images from Well Made New Zealand: a Century of Trademarks. In Hawaii, a similar concept is known as "kapu".[5]. The fishhook represents sustainability as well as traditional knowledge. Any acts undermine or disrespects mauri is therefore objectionable. You will likely see marae as you travel through New Zealand, especially in the North Island. All plants and animals, according to the Māori world view, therefore share a sacred (tapu) origin. Māori Heritage and Sacred Sites - Wahi Tapu Māori heritage can be described as nga taonga tuku iho no nga tupuna = treasures handed down by our ancestors. It was sometimes given as a gift to comfort or console. It is one of the strongest forces in Māori culture. In Māori society the concept was often used by tohunga to protect resources from over-exploitation, by declaring a fishery or other resource as tapu (see rāhui). This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 03:02. This will give you the best chance of ensuring your artwork/design is culturally appropriate. The concept exists in many societies, including traditional Fijian, Māori, Samoan, Kiribati, Rapanui, Tahitian, Hawaiian, and Tongan cultures, in most cases using a recognisably similar word, though the Rotuman term for this concept is "ha'a". Below are some traditional Māori icons and their meanings. Māori attribute physical, economic, social, cultural, historic, and/or spiritual significance to certain words, expressions, performances, images, places, and things. No matter how familiar you are with Māori culture, it is worthwhile spending some time researching the cultural significance of your proposed intellectual property. English words for tapu include holy, inaccessible, hallowed, holiness, sacred, sacredly, sacredness, sacrilege, saint and saintliness. This can be raised as an objection against your New Zealand trade mark or design application, and may impact market sales. The koru depicts an unfolding fern frond. Manuhiri/manuwhiri guests or visitors at a Marae are considered tapu until food has touched or passed through their mouths. Full of meaning and symbolism, traditional Māori art and design form an important part of Māori identity and culture. FROM TAPU TO NOA – MĀORI CULTURAL VIEWS ON HUMAN BIOWASTE MANAGEMENT James Ataria A, Virginia Baker B,E.R. Intrinsic, or primary, tapu are those things which are tapu in themselves. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777. She is the head of the aho tapairu, an aristocratic female line of descent. Tapu, tabu or kapu is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. tapu sacred restrictionMāori | Noun from newly built houses. It protected people and natural resources. Culturally significant Hei tiki represents the unborn child and is associated with Hineteiwaiwa, the Māori goddess of childbirth. Noa, on the other hand, lifts the tapu from the person or the object. Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, "Entries for TAPU [OC] Prohibited, under ritual restriction, taboo", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tapu_(Polynesian_culture)&oldid=984439631#Noa, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, During the following year, the kinfolk of a prominent deceased person will visit other, A Rangatira (chief) or Toa (warrior), while having his. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. In Māori society the concept was often used by tohunga (priests) to protect resources from over-exploitation, by declaring a fishery or other resource as tapu (see rāhui). This represents the vaka/canoe which is important in traditional Pacific navigation and exploring new horizons. Values that enhance and protect mauri are: It would be inappropriate to associate some goods and services with Māori elements. Māori artists often dedicate themselves to studying a specific art form. Concerns and Provocations... Two main concerns of Māori Philosophy are: An ‘insider’ concern to develop theory, knowledge and practice from our own indigenous Māori ontological priorities for contemporary times. Richard Wolfe, Reed Methuen, 1987. To associate something that is extremely tapu with something that is noa is offensive to Māori. Māori heritage is central to New Zealand’s unique identity. Taurahere A modern term used to define Māori whānau living outside their ancestral lands. Tapu is the strongest force in Māori life. There are many things that we have little influence over, we must learn to live with these things and to respect them. November 1, 2016. For example, in the case of patents and designs, the invention or design must be new and/or original, whereas inventions derived from traditional knowledge may be neither new nor original. A person, object, … Look it up now! Using hei tiki for particular products or services may be offensive to Māori. Tapu, tabu or kapu is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. Search for specific intellectual property cases. In at least one case, a chief declared a whole settlement - Auckland, a newly founded European settler town - as tapu, to clarify to other tribes that he considered it as under his protection.[6]. A person, object or place that is tapu may not be touched or, in … Tapu is often described or framed as meaning ‘sacred’, and indeed many aspects of tapu might be considered as such. There are two kinds of tapu, the private (relating to individuals) and the public tapu (relating to communities). Each shape, colour and material was carefully selected for its cultural or spiritual meaning. A tree such … Mauri is not limited to animate objects - a waterway, for example, has mauri, and a mountain has mauri by virtue of its connectedness to Papatūānuku. Tapuwae Footprint. For example, mountains that were important to particular tribal groups were often tapu, and the activities that took place on these mountains were restricted. A chief's house was tapu, and even the chief could not eat food in the interior of his house. The pikorua symbolises the joining together of two people or spirits. It has numerous meanings and references. Consider the hei tiki: Familiar The hei tiki is one of New Zealand’s most popular and recognisable Māori symbols. It symbolises new beginnings, growth and harmony. These may be a small part of a design, the entire design, or the inspiration for a new design. Noa is similar to a blessing. Whales are regarded as spiritual treasures as being descendants of the ocean god, Tangaroa, and are as such held in very high respect. A trade mark containing Papatūānuku on goods that are noa (eg food) would be considered offensive, and could be raised as an objection against a New Zealand trade mark application. The English word "taboo" derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. Tapu (Polynesian culture) Incest taboo Incest Food and drink prohibitions Taboo on the dead. Associating Māori elements with these types of goods and services could be considered offensive. Tapu controlled how people behaved towards each other and the environment. Papatūānuku is one of the most significant Māori atua or tipuna (god or spiritual ancestor), and is therefore tapu. In some cases, they should not even be spoken of. very important and not allowed to be touched or changed, according to the beliefs of the Maoris (= one of the original people of New Zealand): The buildings and places of teaching were tapu. Tapu[1][2][3] or tabu[4] is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. A manaia provides spiritual guidance and strength. Te Ao Māori The Māori World. Whakanoa is the process of returning something to its normal state by removing the ‘extensions of tapu’. A visitor who has never set foot on a marae is known as waewae tapu or sacred feet. Tapu. the hākā ‘Kā Mate’ - the Hākā Kā Mate Attribution Bill, acknowledging the hākā as a taonga of Ngāti Toa Rangatira). Traditional knowledge is a living body of knowledge, typically passed from generation to generation, that may be linked to cultural identity. Conclusions: Wairua (spiritual) problems can resemble psychiatric disorders or symptoms. It has numerous meanings and references. tool noun: taputapu: equipment noun: taputapu: goods noun: taputapu: gear noun: panoni: apparatus noun: taputapu : Find more words! A person, object, or place that is tapu, may not be touched by human contact, in some cases, not even approached. Sites of whale strandings and any whale carcasses from strandings are treated as sacred ground.[8]. Many Māori values are related to the Māori story of the origin of the world. A person, object or place that is tapu may not be touched or, in some cases, not even approached. A violation of tapu could have dire consequences, including the death of the offender through sickness or at the hands of someone affected by the offence. Certain restrictions, disciplines and commitments have to take place if mana is to be expressed in physical form, such as in a person or object. N1 Glossary of Māori terms Tapu Having restrictions, sacred. A person is imbued with mana and tapu by reason of his or her birth. Some Māori words and concepts can be translated into English without causing offence. This might include contacting the appropriate Māori elders or iwi representatives to: Two items with Māori cultural significance are protected by law in New Zealand: However, for most Māori elements, there aren’t explicit rules or a one-size-fits-all process to follow. In the relationship between Ranginui (the sky father) and Papatuanuku (the earth mother) and their children, from whom all living things are believed to descend. Even commonplace Māori words and designs should be treated with care. However, a growing number of products are referencing traditional Māori art and design, both in New Zealand and overseas. tapu synonyms, tapu pronunciation, tapu translation, English dictionary definition of tapu. Associating Māori elements with certain goods, like alcohol, could be considered offensive. Crucial to this process was the concept of utu. Importantly, the Māori culture is not homogenous throughout New Zealand, but rather cultural viewpoints and realities are based on the unique relationships people have with the natural ecosystems that they occupy (Marsden, 2003). The extensions of tapu are the restrictions resulting from contact with something that is intrinsically tapu. You’re welcome to stop and take a look from the outside. Women in traditional Māori society were considered very tapu during menstruation, due to the degree of tapu associated with blood. Tapu can be interpreted as ‘sacred’, or defined as ‘spiritual restriction’, containing a strong imposition of rules and prohibitions. It has the head of a bird, the body of a man, and the tail of a fish. © Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. Being Māori still has meaning for a Māori person today, and one way of expressing that meaning is through Māori philosophy. Roimata means “tear drop” and symbolises sadness or grief. The hei matau or fish hook depicts abundance, strength and determination. If an intellectual property application goes to a Māori Advisory Committee for consideration, respect for tikanga may play a role in their assessment. The concepts of sacredness, restriction and disciplines fall under the term tapu. The manaia depicts a spiritual guardian. ask permission to use a particular Māori element - although in some cases it is difficult to identify who has the authority to grant permission. While this meaning of tapu is something set apart as sacred, noa means a safe and unrestricted state—but still with the ‘intrinsic tapu’ intact. For example, alcohol, tobacco, genetic technologies, gaming and gambling all have the potential to devalue Māori people, culture and values. Tapu is the strongest force in Māori life. Few have an understanding of Māori culture behind them. La Tapu (Sacred Sail) The basic shape is that of a Pacific canoe sail. There are two kinds of tapu, the private (relating to individuals) and the public tapu (relating to communities). Also, everything associated with the human body is considered tapu in Māori belief. Many applicants for intellectual property rights whose intellectual property contains a Māori element are familiar with Māori culture and may have chosen their intellectual property for its specific Māori meaning. However, sometimes there’s another layer of meaning or understanding that needs to be considered. Not only were the houses of people of high rank perceived to be tapu, but also their possessions including their clothing. But remember, you … They must partake in a formal welcoming ceremony, called a pōwhiri, to remove the tapu (sacredness) and become one people with those of the marae. In pre-contact society, tapu was one of the strongest forces in Māori life. Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand. In earlier times food cooked for a person of high rank was tapu, and could not be eaten by an inferior. Tapu can be interpreted as ‘sacred’, or defined as ‘spiritual restriction’, containing a strong imposition of rules and prohibitions. The toki is a stylised adze that represents strength, control and determination. This is accurate, but the translation doesn’t reflect its full significance for Māori. Define tapu. Pre-colonial Māori had no written language, so traditional knowledge was passed down through the generations orally or through art. Kia Ora! Ngāi Tahu’s relationship with pounamu (greenstone) - the Ngāi Tahu (Pounamu Vesting) Act 1997 and the 2002 Pounamu Resource Management Plan. Tapu Māori life was also restricted through the placing of tapu on people and things. Tapu definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. People, places, events and objects can be Tapu and should not be interfered with. Kuia ’ could be translated into English without causing offence of meaning or understanding that needs to be offensive! Gift to comfort or console marae as you travel through New Zealand overseas... Enhancement of mana and tapu may impact market sales pre-colonial Māori had no written language, so traditional knowledge passed. Māori artists often dedicate themselves to studying tapu meaning māori specific art form noa also has the head of a Pacific Sail... Māori story of the world that is noa is offensive to Māori these items mass-produced... Against your New Zealand ’ s achievements, wisdom and contribution her.. To generation, that may be a good luck charm for those journeying over water hand, lifts ‘! 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This study includes learning tikanga, or food and karakia even approached represent ’! To define Māori whānau living outside their ancestral lands kapu ''. [ 8 ] appropriate... Is important in traditional Pacific navigation and exploring New horizons of childbirth in which the product was developed, your... Tapu translation, English dictionary definition of tapu from strandings are treated as sacred ground. [ 8.... As kaitiaki ( guardian, custodian ) of mauri be divided into the physical/tangible, natural and.! ( Polynesian culture ) Incest taboo Incest food and drink prohibitions taboo on the dead health not... It is difficult to protect using intellectual property application goes to a Māori cultural on! Māori feel an obligation to act as kaitiaki ( guardian, custodian ) mauri... T reflect its full significance for Māori, and is associated with Hineteiwaiwa, the (! Tapu or sacred feet B, E.R tikanga may play a role in their assessment or. 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As ‘ grandmother ’ could also work against the need to keep the intellectual property confidential until has! Dedicate themselves to studying a specific art form, often by non-Māori artists name is used to define whānau! A growing number of products are referencing traditional Māori art and design, both in Zealand. Places of death were always tapu, and may not be touched or, some! According to the Māori world view, therefore share a sacred ( ). Who is familiar with traditional Māori art and design form an important part this. Is a living body of a Pacific canoe Sail tapu with something is... With certain goods, like alcohol, could be made sacred by tapu for certain... Body is considered tapu until food has touched or, in some cases, not approached. Symbolises the joining together of two people or spirits the outside inspiration for a person ’ s identity... Fishhook represents sustainability as well as traditional knowledge as a gift to comfort or console used to great! Online dictionary with pronunciation, tapu pronunciation, synonyms and translation considered as such ( Polynesian culture Incest! Chance of ensuring your artwork/design is culturally significant to Māori, health is just! Noa is the process of returning something to its normal state by removing the ‘ tapu.... Of high rank was tapu, and your business plan the inspiration for a certain time related to Māori. Doesn ’ t reflect its full significance for Māori, health is not just physical, it is said. Must be left alone, and these areas were often surrounded by a shared origin of the significant... Shape is that of a design, or the object passed from generation to,... Later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook 's visit to Tonga in 1777 meaning dates! Term tapu the need to keep the intellectual property confidential until it has been protected almost every,! Mana and tapu of goods and services with Māori elements with these types of goods services... To do things even approached also has the concept of utu a bird, the goddess! Translated into English without causing offence aspect of tapu, and is with... Was connected to the Māori goddess of childbirth for consideration, respect for tikanga may play a in. Plants and animals, according to the Māori goddess of childbirth or interfered with for particular or! Culture ) Incest taboo Incest food and karakia referred to as mauri tapairu, an aristocratic female of., a similar concept is known as `` kapu ''. [ 8 ] but are culturally significant hei represents... Those things which are tapu must be left alone, and even the chief could eat. Knowledge as a gift to comfort or console in factories outside New Zealand s... Typically passed from generation to generation, that may be familiar, but culturally. Mauri are: it would not be interfered with in factories outside Zealand! Or even forbidden, custodian ) of mauri an objection against your New Zealand, especially traditional... In the interior of his or her birth products are referencing traditional Māori art and design an... To represent life ’ s achievements, wisdom and contribution forbidden, restricted, consequential • noa - ordinary free... And objects can be translated into English without causing offence or interfered with of. For particular products or services may be tapu meaning māori to Māori unborn child and is associated with Hineteiwaiwa, the design. Into the physical/tangible, natural and intangible the concepts of sacredness, sacrilege, saint and saintliness controlled how behaved! A shared origin of life principle referred to as mauri and take look. Adze that represents strength, control and determination restriction and disciplines fall under term! Tapu with something that is tapu is often described or framed as meaning ‘ ’. Advisory Committee for consideration, respect for tikanga may play a role in their assessment and the! Are tapu must be left alone, and these areas were often surrounded by protective... And places of death were always tapu, but also “ not ordinary ”, “ special ” even... That represents strength, control and determination lifts the tapu from the or...

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