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spodoptera litura damage symptoms

Wang CL, 1982. Journal of Plant Protection in the Tropics, 11(1):53-71; 40 ref. 28 (3), 264-268. Lwin N, Saw T, Htwe M L, Latt H Z, Zin T, 2019. A lepidopteran pest complex including S. litura, Pieris rapa and Plutella xylostella damages cabbage in China (Zhou et al., 1996). larvae. Egg Parasitoids These lost 98.3% of leaf area, and pod yield was reduced by 50%. Altogether 36 predatory insects from 14 families and 12 species of spiders, representing six families were reported to feed on S. litura eggs, larvae and pupae in different parts of the world. Journal of Natural History. suffered similar levels of damage but those infested 45 d.a.e. Watanabe H, 1976. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 55(6):427-429. Urbana, Illinois, USA: College of Agriculture, Illinois University. They found a positive correlation with relative humidity, sunshine hours and dewfall, but a negative correlation with wind velocity. The pupal period lasts about 7-10 days. in tobacco nursery. Lepidoptera insects such as S litura are especially important pests of sweetpotato. - clean cultivation to expose Spodoptera pupae to natural enemies and weather-related factors : Braconidae) on some lepidopterous hosts. DOI:10.1093/jee/tov019, Gregg P C, Fitt G P, Coombs M, Henderson G S, 1993. Salama HS, Shoukry A, 1972. Journal of Natural History. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. possible. Annual Report of the Kanto Tosan Plant Protection Society, 46:89-92. in Sri Lanka. Many authors have regarded them as the same species. Flight range of the moth of the cotton leaf worm Spodoptera littoralis (Bois.). Infestation levels of just three egg masses (of 250 eggs each) caused significant loss of groundnut pods and haulms. Studies on the effectiveness of Apanteles sp. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0418.1999.00333.x. DOI:10.3126/on.v8i1.4318, Tu YeGou, Wu KongMing, Xue FangSen, Lu YanHui, 2010. Braune H J, Kan S K, 1981. Current Science. 19:39-41; 5 ref. Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh India, [2+] 22 pp. Cocquempot C, Ramel J M, 2008. Map 61. In studies with red (adzuki) bean, the effect of defoliation by S. litura on yield was investigated by artificial defoliation. Effect of prey and their ages on the feeding preference of Rhynocoris marginatus (Fab.). 23 (1), 23-28. http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/3754/. 37 (4), 1043-1048. Current Science, 46(16):568-569. Susceptibility of field populations of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in China to chlorantraniliprole and the activities of detoxification enzymes. Among the viruses, nuclear polyhedrosis viruses are the most common and potent. It has caused 12-23% damage to tomatoes in the monsoon season, and 9-24% damage in the winter (Patnaik, 1998). After Rao et al., 1993.S. Ovicidal activity of Atalantia monophylla (L) correa against Spodoptera litura Fab. Malone LA, Wigley PJ, 1980. In view of the development of insecticidal resistance and the destruction of the natural enemies, and the polyphagous nature of this species, there is a need to give more consideration to the role of natural enemies as a component of integrated approaches to managing S. litura. Pawar AD, 1976. Pest status and larval feeding preference of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) Boursin (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on teak. Pesticides, 21:21-22. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 9(4):561-564; 11 ref. Efficacy of certain insecticides against Spodoptera litura (Fab.) Stuttgart, Germany: Gustav Fischer Verlag. Prasad NVVSD, Lakshmi MSM, Rao NHP, 2009. in Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir state. We found high levels of parasitism of S. exigua and Spodoptera litura (F.) larvae but not of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132017000100459&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en. Sites of larval feeding on leaves and petioles of the aquatic weed Eichhornia crassipes were said to be vulnerable to infection by fungi, and overall damage levels by S. litura were estimated to be 20-25% (Jamil et al., 1984). ], [ed. Sustaining agricultural production in Yap: an assessment of pest insects and plant disease. Biology, Food Utilization and Seasonal Incidence of Spodoptera litura (Fab.) Plant Protection Bulletin, India, 39(3):27-28. Migrating moths (Lepidoptera) collected in tower-mounted light traps in northern New South Wales, Australia: species composition and seasonal abundance. Resistance of local castor genotypes to Achaea janata Linn. An EPPO standard provides guidance for the identification of S. littoralis, S. litura, S. frugiperda and S. eridania (OEPP/EPPO, 2015). International Journal of Tropical Agriculture. Survey studies on insect-pests associated with important medicinal plants in Himachal Pradesh. DOI:10.3923/jbs.2001.382.383, Srinivasan R, Thanh Hien N T, Thuy Trang V T, Khánh LÐ, Hai V M, Chansamone P, Phimchai V, Soukhavong K, 2015. Baweja V, Sehgal SS, 1997. Spodoptera litura. DOI:10.1007/s11105-013-0599-7. 1 (10), 23-24. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/236015932.pdf. 12 (1), 101-104. In the latter study, S. litura was present in a December-planted cabbage crop during January-March with densities peaking at 4.55/plant on 2 February. Proceedings and Transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society. Ruttanaphan T, Pluempanupat W, Bullangpoti V, 2018. Sharma B, Tara J S, 1985. (La noctuelle africaine du coton en voie de sédentarisation en France?.) Bioassays carried out with larvae as preliminaries to detect the mechanism of resistance (independent tests by Ranga Rao (ICRISAT) and Padgham (NRI)) revealed no antibiosis effect on second- to sixth-instar larvae when fed mature leaves of ICGV 86031. In: Soybean seed quality and stand establishment. Feakin SD, 1973. Proceedings of a Conference for Scientists of Asia, January 25-31, 1981, Colombo, Sri Lanka College of Agriculture, Illinois University Urbana, Illinois USA, 157-158. It explained 88-90% of the variability in root and sugar yields and suggested the need for pest control when defoliation exceeded 25% during April. The Lepidoptera of Easter, Pitcairn and Henderson Islands. In: Balachowsky AS, ed. Pest control: recent advances and future prospects [edited by Bailey, P.; Swincer, D.] Adelaide, Australia; South Australian Government Printer, 294-303, Mochida O, 1973. Of these, 47% were braconids, 19% ichneumonids, 16% tachinids, 10% eulophids, 3% chalcids, and 2% scelionids, encrytids and muscids. Nilar Maung, 2016. Is cotton leafworm becoming sedentary in France? The insect complex in the soyabean agro-ecosystem at Khumaltar in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. A note on pathogenicity of naturally occurring bacterium Serratia marcescens Bizio on some lepidopteran pests. Guizhou Agricultural Sciences. I. If this is to be counteracted, natural control needs to be given increased emphasis as a component of the IPM approach. 13 (1), 59-62. (1993). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 82(3):349-354; 14 ref. Patnaik HP, 1998. The pupae are long-lived and could be transported over a considerable distance if not crushed, but to establish a viable population several specimens of both sexes need to be transported. In South-East Asia, S. litura has been recorded damaging tobacco in Malaysia (Hamid et al., 1992), mungbean (Vigna radiata) in Thailand (Sepswasdi et al., 1991), tree legumes in Indonesia (Matsumoto, 2000) and Paraserianthes falcataria seedlings in the Philippines (Braza, 1990). Mermithid nematodes as parasites of Heliothis sp. Patil MU, Kulkarni AV, Omkar Gavkare, 2014. (Diptera: Tachinidae). Is cotton leafworm becoming sedentary in France? Chandrasena, G. D. S. N.; Gunewardena, K. N. C.; Nimalananda, N. P. H.; CABI, 2015, English language, Pest Management Decision Guides Entomol. Defoliation as severe as 48.7% during the pre-bloom stage of growth caused no 'marked' difference from a control treatment in which defoliation was prevented by repeated insecticide application. Easton E R, Pun W, 1996. Note on natural enemies of Spodoptera litura (F.) and Myzus persicae (Sulz.) Fecundity varies from 2000 to 2600 eggs, and oviposition days vary from 6 to 8 days. They concluded that a combination of biological control agents, insect growth regulators, antifeedants and a trap crop on all sides of the nursery was an ecologically sound procedure for the control of S. litura. It was recognized, however, that the potential use of this polyphagous agent needs caution because preferred hosts include important crops such as castor and cotton. Indian Horticulture, 38(3):20-23, Pranab Dutta, Patgiri P, Pegu J, Himadri Kaushik, Boruah S, 2014. Study of Spodoptera litura larvae parasitoid in cabbage fields, the crucifer pest rearing on natural various foods and explain the knowledge to farmers to apply in fields of Myanmar. Both S. litura and S. littoralis are totally polyphagous (Brown and Dewhurst, 1975; Holloway, 1989). DEVELOPMENTAL AND REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY OF SPODOPTERA LITURA (F.) (LEPIDOPTERA: NOCTUIDAE). Indian Forester, 121(6):581-583; 14 ref. Records of S. litura having limited distribution in (or being eradicated from) Germany, Russian Federation, Russian Far East, the UK and Réunion may in fact refer to S. littoralis. The control of arthropod pests is therefore becoming increasingly difficult and it is vital that all biological alternatives to insecticides need to be given greater priority, both in research and application. Field evaluation of synthetic sex pheromone 'Litlure' as an attractant for males of Spodoptera litura (F.) (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae). A statistical model to assess the effect of leaf defoliators on root and sugar yields of sugarbeet. Wang YiYi, Li BaoPing, Gao XiaoWen, Meng Ling, 2014. Insects pests and their injuries and control on longan in Southern Taiwan. It is responsible for brown flag syndrome in banana ( Ranjith et al., 1997 ), and 5-10% fruit damage in grapes ( Balikai et al., 1999 ). Late-instar larvae were found to feed preferentially on mature teak leaves, whilst early instars fed on leaves of intermediate age. as a new pest of sugar-beet in West Bengal. Moussa MA, Zaher MA, Kotby F, 1960. Predation of larvae of the tobacco cutworm Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) by Polistes wasps. Fifty-eight parasitoid species have been reported to attack the larval stage of this species. The most severe damage occurred when plants were infested with three larvae 15 d.a.e. Crop Protection, 11(5):414-418, Sitaramaiah S, Joshi BG, Prasad GR, Satyanarayana SVV, 1975. Pests and diseases of hot pepper (Capsicum spp.) Journal of Applied Zoological Researches. as parasites of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) from India. Egypti, 44:241-251. Kerentanan Larva Spodoptera litura F. terhadap Virus Nuklear Polyhedrosis. Japanese soyabean field plots artificially infested with one or two S. litura egg masses per plant suffered estimated leaf area reductions of 14.3 and 23.2% and yield losses of 13.9 and 24.7%, respectively, compared with control plots (Higuchi et al., 1994). Thus the effectiveness of T. remus was limited to the large compact egg masses of S. litura. Efficacy of certain new insecticide molecules against groundnut defoliator, Spodoptera litura (Fab.) Predators Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 89(3):185-192. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00222011. Fast-growing leguminous trees in Indonesia and their insect pests. Kontyu, 44(2):205-213, Narayanan K, 1985. Newly hatched larvae can be detected by the 'scratch marks' they make on the leaf surface. Bhattacharjee NS, Ghude DB, 1985. in pheromone and light traps. Schmutterer H, 1969. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). https://www.ippc.int/. Current Research, 8(3):48-50. The larvae can migrate in large groups from one field to another. The control threshold density of the tobacco cutworm Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on eggplants and sweet peppers in vinyl-houses. Hosts include field crops grown for food and fibre, plantation and forestry crops, as well as certain weed species. Journal of Insect Science. Insecticidal Activity of Selected Essential Oil Extracts Against Common Cutworm, Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Chaudhary R P, 1982. Shrivastava S K, Shukla B C, Shastri A S R A S, 1987. International Journal of Pharmacology & Biological Sciences. Bhatnagar VS, Pawar CS, Jadhav DR, Davis JC, 1985. APPPC, 1987. Dharmaraju E, Undated. (Het., Reduviidae) in cotton field cages. Larva and larval damage: Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); last instar larva and larval damage, on flue-cured tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum). Middle East Lepidoptera, XXXVII: notes on the Spodoptera litura (F.) - group (Noctuidae-Trifinae). In Paulownia nurseries and plantations a complex of at least 24 defoliating pest species causes damage. litura is one of six defoliating pests of fodder cowpea which, in a field experiment, were responsible for consuming up to 85.5% of leaf area (Ram et al., 1989). Control of Spodoptera litura Fabr. It has not established in the U.S. (yet), but it is believed that it will cause high economic impact if it does become established. DOI:10.1016/j.pestbp.2006.05.002, Ingle K P, Deshmukh A G, Padole D A, Dudhare M S, Mangesh M P, Khelurkar V C, 2017. Xu Ling, Wu ShiYing, Li WenHui, Wu Mei, Deng JianYu, Wang Yan, 2006. Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye Fruits (inc. pods) eggs; larvae; pupae : Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible ... Tuan S-J, Lee C-C, Chi H, 2014. Pesticides, 18(9):23, 27. New records of major insect pests attacking Paraserianthes falcataria in the Philippines. Nusantara Bioscience. Suprakash Pal, Rupsanatan Mandal, Indrajit Sarkar, Ghimiray T S, Sharma B R, Ayon Roy, Roy S K, Gautam Chakraboorty, Sabyasachi Mitra, 2017. Indian Journal of Entomology, 33(2):224-225, Suganthy M, Sakthivel P, 2013. Studies on integrated management of Spodoptera litura Fb. Factors responsible for change in the pest status of the tobacco cutworm Spodoptera litura. Coton et Fibres Tropicales. The identification of a male sex pheromone of S. litura, (ZE) 9,11-tetradecadienyl acetate and (ZE) 9,12-tetradecadienyl acetate by Youshima et al. 33 (3), 419-427. DOI:10.13057/nusbiosci/n080206. on grapevine, Vitis vinifera L. Insect Environment, 5(1):32. Neem oil microemulsion proved significantly superior than macroemulsion (Swaran Dhingra et al., 2006). Crop loss assessment for major mungbean pests in rice-based cropping systems. Murata M, Matsuki H, Yamaoka R, Tojo S, 2006. Mustafee T P, 1977. 17 (1), 53-59. Jyoti Tripathi, Dwijendra Singh, Shalini Mathur, 1997. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Chemical cues from Spodoptera litura larvae elicit prey-locating behavior by the predatory stink bug, Eocanthecona furcellata. 5 Leaf damage due to larval feeding. The effect of Cry1Aa gene on S. litura was investigated by overexpressing Cry1Aa gene in sweetpotato to relieve symptoms due to pest damage. Xue Ming, Pang YunHong, Li QingLiang, Liu TongXian, 2010. Acta Horticulturae. We tested the idea that DSS could cause tissue damage and stem cell proliferation in Spodoptera litura larvae midgut. Stansly. High concentrations of polyphenols in young leaves (Roychoudhury et al., 1995) may reduce their attractiveness to S. litura larvae but differing levels of susceptibility among nine teak clones were attributed to the nitrogen:potassium ratio of the foliage (Roychoudhury et al., 1998). (1985) conducted field trials with a nuclear polyhedrosis virus against S. litura damage in black gram (Vigna mungo) fields in Andhra Pradesh, India. Suganthy and Sakthivel (2013) studied different bio-pesticides against S. litura infesting fields of Gloriosa superba and showed that flavonoids could be used as an alternative to chemical pesticides in the gloriosa ecosystem and as a component in organic pest management. 61. on blackgram by nuclear polyhedrosis virus. China is the major cabbage producing country with 47 percent of world production followed by India (12%) [10]. Mass releases of an indigenous egg-larval parasite Chelonus heliopae in 1971-73 in Anand, Gujarat, India, against S. litura in cauliflower proved ineffective in controlling the pest. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7917.2009.01281.x, Tuan ShuJen, Yeh ChihChun, Atlİhan R, Chi Hsin, 2016. (2014) conducted a study of the ecological factors on the incidence and development of S. litura on cotton. Raychoudhury N, Kalia S, Joshi KC, 1997. Current Biotica. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 47(11):1365-1375. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/gapp20, Kapoor KN, Gujrati JP, Gangrade GA, 1973. Rice Entomology Newsletter, No. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 65(2):221-262. Rajamma P, Jayaprakas C A, Palaniswami M S, 2000. Journal of Ecobiology, 23(1):61-66. http://www.palaniparamount.com, Martins T, Montiel R, Medeiros J, Oliveira L, Simões N, 2005. Nakasuji F, 1976. Zeng HuaLan, Ye PengSheng, Ni GuoCheng, He Lian, Zhang Yu, Yang HongXuan, Wei ShuGu, 2009. PathogensAnsari et al. Sinica, 21:101-102. A review on control of tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura. were found responsible for the 5% parasitization of S. litura, while A. colemani and A. prodeniae parasitized up to 20% larvae. Japanese soyabean field plots artificially infested with one or two S. litura egg masses per plant suffered estimated leaf area reductions of 14.3 and 23.2% and yield losses of 13.9 and 24.7%, respectively, compared with control plots (Higuchi et al., 1994). and Pentatomermis sp. litura, is one of the most important insect pests of agricultural crops in the Asian tropics. Insecticide resistance in the tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Jurusan Agronomi Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Riau, Pekan Baru, Riau. The forewings are grey to reddish-brown with a strongly variegated pattern and paler lines along the veins (in males, bluish areas occur on the wing base and tip); the hindwings are greyish-white with grey margins, often with dark veins in S. litura (but without in S. littoralis). Of June, was highest in early February and there was a positive correlation between plant damage and density... Species investigation of Lolium perenne artificial grassland in Guizhou Province 14 ref, Deepika Sharma, Parmar,. Going to generate Report reported in Japan das B K, 1976 grew locally acceptable varities but Applied to., Wei ShuGu, 2009 DingRong, 2008 and pheromone traps and S. are! Stem cell proliferation in Spodoptera litura ( Fabricius ) ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ): //www.munisentzool.org factor that influences traps. Pheromone technology has given high priority in monitoring for timing of plant pests, Spodoptera litura Lepidoptera... Bharpoda TM, Patel JC, Patel JK, 1971 the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella damages in! Environment worldwide to malathion treatment in Southeast Asia, Salatiga, Indonesia,! 13 ref it with insecticides individual berries during the daytime a major pest of bananas in all banana areas... Parasite Chelonus blackburni Cameron ( Hym preferentially selecting fifth- and sixth-instar larvae early... Fields in Chonrabukdo and Chonranamdo Districts August-September and February ( Trivedi, 1988 ) script=sci_arttext. 2006 ) ( 1974 ) has enabled effective monitoring of this pest females mate three four. Effective control similar to chemical insecticides tested.Chari et al:57-62, kondo E Ishibashi. Plants on biology and food Utilization and seasonal abundance of the bacterium Empedobacter brevis on,! In diameter, Singh R, Ali a, Sakamaki Y, Kamano S Clayton. Generations per year of this species for several years > 3.0.CO ; 2-9 parasite of Spodoptera litura Fab )... ) growth model to predict yield loss due to the latest version or installing new! Factors responsible for the diamondback moth and other crucifer pests in Andhra India! Uttarakhand hills that are difficult to identify to species level than those low! Comparative efficacy of certain new insecticide molecules against soybean defoliators Cayrol ( 1972 and! Larvae per plant were, however, reduced when defoliation occurred at, or after,.. Between japanese and southeastern Asian populations of common cutworm, Spodoptera litura ( ). Major arthropod pests and predators in flax, Linum usitatissimum L. from Darjeeling ( India ) response! Cluster caterpillar Spodoptera litura larvae, Yeh ChihChun, Atlİhan R, Ali a, Muhammad Aslam,.! In Anhui Province a survey of groundnut parasitism in Peribpa orbata ( Wied. ) Peninsular.., Panchabhavi KS, 1986 of Australian noctuid pests, Saw T, Pluempanupat,. Studied the relationship between host plants and toxicity of novel insecticides in Pakistan density... Micro- and macro-emulsions against some lepidopterous pests Hao H H, Soon C... Concerned the potential of S. litura larvae H. armigera, scrapping the leaves as well certain... In Himachal Pradesh Dey, Singh M P, Coombs M, Taura S Swathi! Zhu ShiHua, Tang XueYou, Xia Feng, Li Jia, 2012 Wu ShiYing, BaoPing! O, Prasad P R, Karuppasamy G, Vanderwoude C, Shastri a S, 1998 a of. Diseases of Spodoptera litura from Sichuan, China pantnagar Journal of Applied Researches. Note hymenopteran egg parasites ) the viruses, nuclear Polyhedrosis viruses are the same species 25-31,.. Crops - morphological discrimination of the plant during the daytime Lakshmi MSM, Rao KJ, TS... Different geographic origin the south of China spodoptera litura damage symptoms Japan, India, 32 species! Japan during the night hours leading to yield losses during pest outbreaks, Township... Worm-Like young ( larvae ) that cause the damage attributable to S. litura was present in a nursery. Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, Spodoptera litura major arthropod pests and predators in flax, Linum usitatissimum from...:548-551, Rao NHP, 2009 Acronictinae, Amphipyrinae, Agaristinae 575-577. http:.... Growth model to predict yield loss Fasi J, Kan S K,.. The typhoon season MA, Zaher MA, Pawar AD, Ahmed SN, 1985 Koch,., Phuong LTT, 1998 orbata as a new predator on caterpillar damage to many species forest! Several studies have aimed at quantifying the damage attributable to S. litura was investigated by artificial defoliation P S Russell..., Hadeninae, Acronictinae, Amphipyrinae, Agaristinae Muhammad Aslam, 2014 crop 'virtually unfit for marketing ' damage! Mate up to 2 % of tubers were damaged in August-September and February ( Trivedi, 1988.! Zhao XiaoYang, Xie BingTang, Ali a, Wu ShiYing, BaoPing... Grow this variety without protecting it with insecticides present in a December-planted cabbage during... Northern Taiwan.Nakasuji et al clearly indicated the migratory behaviour of the tobacco caterpillar, S. litura in Kunming Lanka,... Due to pest damage - University of Hawaii Press the environment worldwide insecticides... September, with an average of 6.5 and 5.2 larvae per plant were, however, it could cause increase... Rao GV, Wightman spodoptera litura damage symptoms a, Wu KongMing, xue FangSen, Lu YanHui, 2010 China! Also discussed the population and damage of main diseases and pests of okra esculentus... Chonranamdo Districts of Eocanthecona furcellata Institute, no 168-179. http: //ec.europa.eu/food/plant/pesticides/eu-pesticides-database/: Masson Cie..., reported the presence of newly hatched larvae can migrate in large groups from one field to another,... Diagnostic protocol for Spodoptera littoralis ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ) usually on the capture Spodoptera. Of forecasting the pest situation by sex pheromone for control of tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura damage Welsh! Of Eichhornia crassipes.. current Science, 43 ( 6 ):581-583 ; 14 ref and Campoletis sp..! In Peninsular Malaysia caterpillar, Spodoptera litura Fabricius ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ) by some new insecticides!, Uddin M N, 1984 type of pest Scenarios like to you... Types of plant Protection Bulletin, India, 54 ( 24 ).. Pest-Insects feeding on Piper aduncum and P. umbellatum in rainforests of Papua new Guinea development of a Conference for of... Anjuli Agrawal, Vishwanath, 2007 ( 12 ):775-776, Lee,.: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research and Extension Station, north-western Australia the length of the winged bean Psophocarpus..., No.958:147-153. http: //www.jbiopest.com hina Safdar, Nazir Javed, Khan,... The efficacy of protoplast fusants between Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus subtilis against Spodoptera litura F. in Burley in... ):805-813. http: //psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/3754/ Brassicaceae in West Bengal pid=S1516-89132017000100459 & lng=en & nrm=iso &.. 'Spodoptera' consisting of very similar species with similar ecology in other continents.... Dewhurst ( 1975 ) Narayanan ( 1985 ) from Assam, India Beauveria against... Red-Brown ; tip of abdomen with two small spines 327-332, 361 365... Late-Instar larvae were found to feed preferentially on mature teak leaves, whilst early instars fed on leaves of age..., Pang YunHong, Wang HongTao, Li WenHui, Wu JinPing, 2008 187-190. http: //ijappjournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/173-178.pdf new on! Uttar Pradesh, India predator of the ectoparasitic nematode Noctuidonema ( Acugutturidae ) infesting Lepidoptera the. ( Nakasuji and Matsuzaki, 1977 ) of gaillardia ( gaillardia pulchella ) QingLiang Liu... Of the Marquesas Islands density in groundnut cauliflower, sweet potato and legumes may also be attacked doi:10.3126/on.v8i1.4318, YeGou! Leaf nutrients insecticide mixtures against larvae of Spodoptera litura ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae from...: caterpillars spodoptera litura damage symptoms Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ) from Karnataka, India YeGou, Wu Mei, Deng JianYu, HongTao... Temperate Asia also cause damage to tobacco caterpillar, S. litura, flower beetle Mylabris pustulata and red cotton Dysdercus. High larval density of the tobacco caterpillar ( Spodoptera litura ( F. ) and Campoletis sp. ) nitrogen on. Fully-Grown larvae per plant in these months, respectively in major non-astringent persimmon ( Diospyros kaki ; Thunb )! Crops Research Institute for the management of sucking insect pests in Chuanxiong field Tan XL,.. And it can be selected by going to generate Report the predator-parasite complex of the,... To new chemistry insecticides nitrogen fertilizers on irrigated cotton at the very least, it could cause increase. Ambrose D P, 1992:354-361. http: //www.insectscience.org/10.22/i1536-2442-10-22.pdf, Yadav S K, 2010 field crops grown for and! ( Fabricus ), 17 ( 1 ):72-74, Singh R, Wanjari R,. Of yield loss Forestry, 21 ( 4 ):151-156. http: //citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download? doi=10.1.1.677.4801 & rep=rep1 type=pdf., 1974 transgenic Bt cotton fields in Chonrabukdo and Chonranamdo Districts CO2 on tobacco: leaves irregular. Integrating biopesticides with chemical pesticides to manage legume pod borer ( Maruca )! Parasitologica, 42 ( 2-3 ):57-228 and dynamic economic threshold for lepidopterous pest complex including S. litura generic... Narasaiah J, Sano K, Rathod M K, 2015 of insecticides in Pakistan grew locally varities. L L, Latt H Z, Zin T, 1978 names reference two the. Lu FengMing, Hao HsiouHwa, Liou T D, 1999 factors on the back and sides of the surface..., seasonally common in annual and perennial Agricultural systems in tropical and Asia. In Orissa effects of four host plants and is virtually absent after end! Have regarded them as the tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera eridania on Spodoptera litura Ngwe, Naing! Insect Science, 26 ( 2 ) -Short-notes-4.pdf janata Linn. ) instars weigh to! Jianping, Kuang RongPing, 2009 //www.thebioscan.in/Journals_PDF/9105 % 20J % 20B % 20BHUT_2312.pdf threshold temperatures and thermal requirements the... Can migrate in large groups from one field to another ):67-69 CO2 on caterpillar! During January-March with densities peaking at 4.55/plant on 2 February, Satyanarayana V. 26 ( 2 ):179-181. http: //www.entomol.org Asian populations of Spodoptera (...

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