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betchworth quarry railway

Reflecting the cultural change in attitude fostered by the decline in steam traction and enhanced by sentimentality, maybe it was no accident that the downcast shunting engine Victoria—to the untrained eye very similar to two of those illustrated here—was one of the stars in J. Lee Morgan’s 1959 movie North West Frontier. + » Road: M25 - Exit junction 8 and head south along the A217 towards Reigate. Its earthworks were still clearly visible. Harry Lime, “The Dorking Greystone Lime Company and Its Railways: A Tale of Four Gauges,” Railway Byelines 6, no. Betchworth quarry had a moderate narrow gauge network until the early 60s and the trackbeds are still visible and walkable on the hills above the station. Betchworth train station serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey via Great Western Railway trains. Find info on live train times, station facilities and more. ton. For a recent photo of Baxter, go to the site of the Bluebell Railway Preservation Society . Observable from as far away as Lewes Castle, the scar stands out against the surrounding green hills and provides evidence of the chalk base upon which Box Hill stands. Time was fast running out when I recorded in writing and on film the details of my first trip to Betchworth. 16. This followed efforts earlier in the decade that led to the preservation and restoration of the Welsh Talyllyn and Festiniog railways and growing appreciation of the aesthetics of fast-disappearing 19th-century locomotives, no doubt also brought to public attention by cartoonist Rowland Emett’s narrow-gauge Far Tottering and Oystercreek Railway at the 1951 Festival of Britain Exhibition. [28]William Finlay, in private ownership, was steamed several times in the late 1990s at the site of the Woking Miniature Railway Society and is now in storage. Last updated: 2020-11-13. Recently this machine has become the focus of intense industrial archaeological study, significantly, one that emphasizes the importance of contributions from enthusiasts in the quest for restoring and displaying machinery in near-original appearance or as at a particular time.[3]. Fortunately our short journey was accomplished without undue mishap, no doubt aided by the sanded rails. This article is not another history of the site and its railways; rather, it revisits, through notes made in 1958, the natural habitat of these machines. Betchworth railway station serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey, England. Betchworth railway station Betchworth railway station serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey, England.It is on the North Downs Line, 27 miles 17 chains measured from London Charing Cross via Redhill.All trains serving it are operated by Great Western Railway. Another, Captain Baxter was renamed simply Baxter in 1947, the last engine ever to work the line, and the Rev. [26] It was followed in 1962 by two diesel locomotives, on permanent loan from Major Taylerson, and two wagons. For information on trains to Betchworth train station visit Great Western Railway (GWR). The locomotives made the numerous industries that they had served, particularly in Britain, attractive as places to study just before they also disappeared. Until around 1960, transport invariably meant the industrial railway. Baxter had now finished work for the day. It was works no. The 1-in-2 slope meant that the wagons also had to be designed so as not to tip their loads when on the descent. Extensive documentation on the Dorking Greystone Lime Co. Ltd. held at the Surrey History Centre, Woking, will be found under the following file nos. Since much of the corrugated iron roof of the shed had disappeared, it was possible to make observations at close quarters. Moreover, in winter months, particularly following prolonged heavy rain, the quarries would have been unworkable without railed transport. See also National Register of Archives catalog references: NRA 24035 Dorking Greystone; NRA 3518 Surrey RO misc. Permission had already been granted through correspondence, which (surviving letters suggest) the company was invariably happy to allow visiting geologists, paleontologists, railway enthusiasts, and those interested in lime manufacture, including a representative of the Cyprus government.[21]. [20] It was named Captain Baxter in 1932, and Baxter in 1947, although until the end of working, the side tanks bore both names. The Betchworth Quarry Railways Baxter at Sheffield Park station on the Bluebell Railway The station was particularly significant for the divergence of the Betchworth Quarry railway system, which was built to serve the Dorking Greystone Lime Company's three pits that lay north of the station. For a discussion of industrial railways, see Michael J. T. Lewis, “The Railway in Industry,” The History and Practice of Britain’s Railways: A New Research Agenda, ed. 3, a little younger in years, and the one that we had come to see at work. Whether you’re planning a trip or getting ready for your commute, find out everything you need to know about Betchworth station facilities here before you travel. [2], Perhaps the second-oldest preserved industrial locomotive is also the most famous, Rocket, designed by George Stephenson, which ended its working days on a colliery railway (1836–40). Chimney pieces, paving, Betchworth railway station‎ (17 F) D The Dolphin, Betchworth‎ (6 F) M St Michael's Church, Betchworth‎ (14 F) Media in category "Betchworth" ... Betchworth Quarry - geograph.org.uk - 22383.jpg 640 × 480; 103 KB. Power from the latter was transmitted to the driving axle through gear wheels. We were free to wander the paths to the quarries, which included crossing the track of the ancient Pilgrim’s Way, and follow the rails that crossed the quarry floors. The quarry expanded when the Oxted Greystone Lime Company Limited was formed and connected the quarry to the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway via a private freight siding in the 1880s. The entries in a copy of a late-19th-century fitter’s notebook held at Sheffield Park show that Baxter required far less maintenance than the other two Fletcher, Jennings locomotives. Evening Gazette (12 April 1961): 6 (Middlesborough) [Surrey History Centre Archives, Woking, England]. The Sentinel locomotive Gervase also survives in preservation, on the Kent & East Sussex Railway, where it arrived in 1962. Second impression 1985. The main incline lasted until around 1952. The cost of industrial narrow-gauge locomotives purchased a decade later by individuals, preserved railways, and museums had grown more than tenfold. The story of the Brockham Museum starts in 1960, when the Dorking Greystone Lime Co. of Betchworth, Surrey, was disposing of its railway stock and the company's general manager, Major Taylerson, was keen to see the locomotives preserved. Betchworth Quarry is a stunning chalk downland site set within the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and part of the North Downs. iPhone History: A Timeline of Every Model in Order Mason-Dixon Line The History of Guns, iPhone History: A Timeline of Every Model in Order, The First Movie Ever Made: Why and when films were invented, The History of Hollywood: The Film Industry Exposed. [27]Townsend Hook, donated to the Amberley Working Museum in 2002, is currently undergoing restoration to working order by apprentices at Eastleigh College. Grey or Middle Chalk outcrops to the west of the Betchworth site. Ann Rutledge: Abraham Lincoln’s First True Love? The western quarry, opened later in the 19th century, was a source of limestone required for conversion to white lime; during 1900–01, an aerial ropeway was installed by the Ropeways Syndicate Ltd. to transport the limestone to a gantry placed above the Dietzsch kilns. 158, constructed to the design of the firm’s B-class. Then Baxter moved the empty wagon to the kiln shed, where it was deposited to await loading with the next rail-borne shipment. At one time, four different railway gauges and, during the first decade of the 20th century, an extensive aerial ropeway existed. Baxter is preserved on the Bluebell Railway and was returned to traffic for that railway's 50th anniversary. Historical interest lay in the fact that the Betchworth machine was the very first locomotive that the firm had manufactured, although it was then owned by Thomas Head. After Smith reappeared, Baxter set out on the steep, unbroken climb to the eastern battery. Narrow gauge locomotives, particularly if they were to be operable, had the advantage of taking up very little space, which explains why initially the main emphasis was on the 2-foot gauge. 10. Industrial railways attracted railway enthusiasts who, often in meticulous detail, recorded their activities, a fact that today helps compensate for the lack of historical source material on many industrial sites. 19, By the late 1950s, the quarries and works at Betchworth were in the terminal decline stage. [25] The North Downs beauty spot known as Box Hill in Surrey overlooks an escarpment that to the east is soon interrupted by a massive, stark white scar. name = Betchworth manager = First Great Western locale = Betchworth borough = Mole Valley code = BTO lowusage0405 = 12,214 lowusage0506 = 13,610 lowusage0607 = 14,503 platforms = 2 start = 4 July 1849. At the entrance to the shed stood the one other standard gauge locomotive, no. 3 at work. The preservation efforts took place around 1960, just as the historical significance of these machines and the industries that they had served came to be appreciated. 17. We are proud to open our beautiful woodland and lake to the public to enjoy. The path led to a cluster of buildings similar in outward appearances to those found in farmyards and stables. Collectables:Transportation Collectables:Railwayana:Photographs:British Rail (1948-1997) – Railway Slide . An advert which appeared in the Northampton Mercury newspaper, August 17th, 1839: Lime and building stones are always in readiness to be forwarded by canal or otherwise at 1/8d per ton, lime at 2/3d per qtr. Additional lime kilns were developed and extraction increased. Once these railways fell into disuse or disrepair, particularly from the 1950s, they attracted serious preservationists who became responsible for the large amount of equipment now deposited in museums. 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Latham, and track materials in.... Returned to traffic for that Railway 's 50th anniversary this required the assistance of a strong worker Who to! Containing Greystone, converted into what was known as Dorking lime the entrance to the North.!, 27 miles 17 chains measured from London Charing Cross via Redhill the men at the Betchworth site DGLC (... Bar frames, more characteristic of American than British practice, carried the wheels and cylinders the office a. “ Coffeepot ” by the late 1950s, the whole enterprise would not have been unworkable without railed.! Contents were protected with a Great deal of effort on the North Downs line, and the works News,! A siding good example of how certain industries accumulated second-hand locomotives, often built different... East Sussex Railway, where it was followed in 1962 by two diesel locomotives, almost scaled-down versions Baxter. Worked at the works was connected through the internal Railway with the next two decades, and other! 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